This paper summarizes emerging evidence in the field of how social determinants of health shape health outcomes and identifies key areas where more research is needed to advance implementation and policy development.
This article examines Advancing Integrated Models (AIM), a project through which eight organizations are designing and piloting new strategies for integrating innovative, “next-generation” approaches to person-centered care for individuals with complex health and social needs.
This issue brief looks at progress made in using multi-payer claims databases for various strategic purposes, and offers considerations for states seeking to optimize claims databases to improve health care system performance improvement.
This commentary explores a series of case studies and tools developed after a national scan of promising HC/CBO partnerships that examine the operational, financial, and strategic components of successful partnerships.
This brief outlines the basics of the Medicaid program, including financing and eligibility, for new state policymakers in order to lay the groundwork for considering the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.
This brief highlights priority issues for consideration and potential action, including: the structure of the Medicaid agency; enabling coverage and access; addressing the needs of special populations; and value-based payment policies.
This project encourages state, local, and national level organizations to include health considerations in policy decisions across multiple sectors, such as housing, transportation, and education. Research shows that the conditions in which people live, learn, work, and play influence their health, so the project also works to create cross-sector partnerships that include the expertise of health care and public health systems.
This tool helps identify policies and programs that are a good fit for community priorities. Analysts review and assess research to rate the effectiveness of a broad variety of strategies (i.e., policies, programs, systems & environmental changes) that can affect health through changes to: health behaviors, clinical care, social and economic factors, and the physical environment.
This technical assistance tool shares criteria used by innovative organizations that are identifying individuals for their complex care programs, to help others develop or refine eligibility criteria for complex care management programs.
This State Health Policy Highlight profiles three State Health and Value Strategies issue briefs that provide states with practical approaches to improve individual and population health and create joint accountability across health care and other sectors.
The Minnesota State Employee Group Insurance Program has covered Minnesota state employees and their dependents using a tiered provider model since 2002. A recent SHARE-funded analysis examined the tiering model as well as patient and clinic responses to this tiered provider network approach.
This webinar featured the use of admissions, discharge, and transfer (ADT) data feeds to coordinate care for patients with behavioral health and other complex care issues in Tennessee and Washington. It provided lessons learned, including operational and financing strategies, linkages to quality metrics and outcomes, and alignment with other statewide payment and delivery system efforts.
This report explores options for states as they consider oversight of risk-bearing organizations (RBOs), with a focus on states that have elected to act to protect against provider insolvency. The State Health Policy Highlight reviews specific state considerations when overseeing RBOs; case studies examine approaches in California, Massachusetts, New York and Texas.
This report provides a compilation of data on equity goals and progress for 28 measures of health, socioeconomic factors, physical and social environment, and access to health care. Each measure is presented by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the nation.
State officials can align prevention strategies with value-based payment goals through a variety of mechanisms outlined in this brief, which draws from state-based 6|18 Initiative implementation efforts to help Medicaid and public health officials make the case for investing in prevention strategies and aligning these efforts to achieve state VBP goals.
This issue brief provides an overview of hospital global budgeting, which represents a middle-ground approach between the narrow bundling of services and global capitation that transfers higher levels of financial risk to a hospital. It provides a brief overview of hospital global budgets for state health officials interested in whether global budgets may be an option for their state.
Six case studies on innovations in public health, including: Boston's PHC Bridges Sectors to Combat Overdoses; Chicago's DPH Sees the Future Thanks to Predictive Analytics; Hennepin County Uses Automation in Databook Development; Douglas' CHD Brings STD Testing to Youth-Friendly Locations; Portsmouth's HD Uses CASPER to Collect Neighborhood Data; and Check Out a Book, Check Out a Blood Pressure Kit.
State Medicaid programs are increasingly requiring their Medicaid managed care organizations (MCO) to implement APMs. It is important for states to develop ways to ensure that their MCOs are complying with the APM requirements within their contract, and monitoring the progress and challenges with the implementation of APM strategies with Medicaid providers. This report focuses on different ways in which states may set standard APM definitions to track MCO progress toward meeting state APM goals, and support comparison of APM implementation within a state and nationally.
The Health Care Payment Learning and Action Network Alternative Payment Models Framework (the LAN APM Framework) is an increasingly common method being used by states to measure plan progress toward implementation of APMs. This report provides real-world examples of APMs within the LAN categories and can help states and other interested purchasers develop a common understanding of what types of payment models fit within the framework categories.
This eLearning series will teach you about: Innovation and Public Health; Foundational Public Health Services: An Overview; Connecting the Dots of Emerging National Public Health Initiatives; and Policy, Systems, and Environmental Change to Drive Innovation in Public Health.
Prior to the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010, Minnesota's health insurance market was relatively high-functioning across indicators of health insurance access and quality of care, although the state faced common challenges in the area of health care costs. This report considers Minnesota's health insurance market before and after the passage of the ACA and the outlook for the state's market given the current policy environment.
This report provides an overview of three areas of value-based innovation and then affords a deeper examination into specific examples of state employee purchaser activity in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Tennessee, and Washington.
States and the federal government have invested in programs that help low-income and vulnerable populations find housing and access health care and supportive services. However, those programs often remain siloed, with health and housing sectors frequently working independently toward similar goals. These resources support policymakers working to break down those silos to better deploy state resources through an aligned health and housing agenda.
As states transform their health systems, many are turning to community health workers (CHWs) to improve health outcomes and access to care, address social determinants of health, and help control costs of care. While state definitions vary, CHWs are typically frontline workers who are trusted members of and/or have a unique and intimate understanding of the communities they serve. These resources support state efforts to incorporate CHWs into their health and health equity improvement work.
This report examines how organizations participating in Transforming Complex Care (TCC), a multi-site national initiative funded by RWJF, are assessing and addressing social determinants of health for populations with complex needs. It reviews key considerations for organizations seeking to use SDOH data to improve patient care.
As the opioid and mental health crises continue to gain national attention, local leaders are stepping up to implement programs to address the prevalence and impact of untreated serious mental illness (SMI) and substance use disorders (SUD). This report explores how cities and counties have launched local initiatives to address the human and economic impact of untreated SMI and SUD.
This toolkit is designed to assist states interested in implementing value-based purchasing approaches with their Medicaid managed care organizations (MCOs). Using a value-based purchasing approach can mean significant and ongoing changes for a state Medicaid agency and its MCOs.
State policy makers are increasingly focused on social determinants of health (SDOH) because of the important influence of these determinants on health care outcomes and Medicaid spending. This report digs into opportunities that states have to account for SDOH in Medicaid programs.
Driven to improve care coordination and contain costs by moving away from a volume-based payment model, an increasing number of states are implementing risk-based managed care programs to deliver long-term services and supports (LTSS). As the primary payer for LTSS, state Medicaid programs have a significant interest in ensuring that entities with which they contract deliver high quality and cost-effective care to members. This report identifies ways states can learn from value-based payment models being applied elsewhere to create more accountability for the quality and cost of LTSS.
The “Buying Value Measure Selection Tool” was developed to assist state agencies, private purchasers and other stakeholders in creating aligned measure sets, and was first released in 2014. This webinar explains this tool and recent updates for state officials and other stakeholders involved in developing and maintaining aligned quality measure sets for health care entities and programs including for health plans, accountable care organizations, and patient-centered medical homes. This webinar presents strategies for selecting measures and reveals an updated version of the tool.
Health care leaders are well-positioned to use cross-sector approaches to drive improvements in population health in collaboration with state leaders. Through the use of joint measurement and accountability tools, policymakers can help to improve health outcomes to an extent not possible through isolated, medical-centric efforts. This report outlines how state agencies can use shared measurement and joint accountability across sectors as tools for improving population health outcomes.
Stark health disparities make it difficult to move the needle on health outcomes and costs and reflect the fact that states face a variety of political and resource constraints when it comes to implementing health equity initiatives. While disparities still exist, all states have opportunities to advance health equity through a range of approaches, from incremental targeted programs to integration in broad health reform initiatives.
Leaders from across state governments, in both the executive and legislative branches, convened to help identify cross-cutting issues that provide opportunities to advance health reform and transform our health system to one that lowers cost, rewards value, and improves health. This brief presents key opportunities before the new administration that could maintain and accelerate state-based reforms.
PHAB is the nonprofit accrediting body for Tribal, state, local, and territorial public health departments. In 2015, PHAB launched PHNCI, a new division established to identify, implement, and spread innovations in public health practice to help meet the health challenges of the 21st century in communities nationwide. This report explains the alignment between version 1.5 of the accreditation standards and measures and version 1.0 of the foundational capabilities as part of the foundational public health services framework.
This report identifies methodological challenges in measuring cost of care performance for organizations with a small number of attributed patients, and provides concrete strategies and resources for state purchasers to address this methodological challenge when evaluating PCMH and ACO cost performance and applying financial incentives and disincentives.
Changes in population-based payment models in health care delivery have spurred enhanced efforts toward closer integration between state purchasers of health care and state, county, and local public health officials. This issue brief investigates approaches that state agencies might employ in order to better integrate public health and health care delivery as a means of improving health and the value of health care, and it is organized according to seven features of integration. The issue brief is accompanied by three case studies providing additional detail to some of the examples cited in the brief.
This issue brief examines seven safety-net ACOs across five states to understand their origins, organization, characteristics and functions and to identify federal and state policy questions associated with their emergence. The issue brief identifies both challenges facing safety-net provider ACO aspirants and state strategies to support safety-net provider development of ACOs.
This report identifies key lessons from ACO activities across the country to date. It examines how ACOs can build upon these initial successes and informs policymakers, researchers, and foundations about key considerations to further the development of effective ACO approaches across the health care market.
As state Medicaid programs increase their focus on value-based payment, it is important to consider how FQHCs may participate in payment reform strategies. Through their focus on improved health outcomes, patient satisfaction, and access to appropriate care, alternative payment methodologies can benefit FQHCs, the state purchaser, and most importantly Medicaid beneficiaries. This brief describes a number of state-level payment reform strategies that include FQHCs and offers strategies and considerations for states and FQHCs alike.