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Coverage Trends

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This journal article describes patterns of perinatal uninsurance and health outcomes of women experiencing uninsurance.

Brief

This series of policy briefs include evidence-based recommendations to help people through the immediate health and economic crises and longer-term recommendations to ensure a fair and just opportunity for health.

Brief

This brief uses data from the Minnesota Department of Health to show how insurance rates in the state were relatively unchanged by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Dataset

This toolkit looks at Medicaid enrollment trends from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic through January 2021.

Commentary

This commentary analyzes the indirect costs of rising health care spending and uninsurance in the year prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and examines trends as well as comparisons across race/ethnicity and educational attainment.

Journal Article

01.2021 / By Health Affairs

This blog post examines early evidence regarding health care spending, utilization, employment, and prices for 2020, and looks at how COVID-19 might affect these indicators going forward.

Commentary

This commentary explores the impact of Medicaid expansion during the COVID-19 pandemic and associated job losses.

Brief

This brief explores the ways in which public and private health insurance coverage options bolstered by the Affordable Care Act are mitigating the impact of employer-sponsored insurance losses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Webinar & Presentations

This guide provides answers to frequently asked questions about selecting and using health insurance coverage and applying for financial help for 2021's open enrollment period.

Dataset

This toolkit provides a detailed look at 2020 Medicaid enrollment trends, including enrollment details by state across four eligibility categories.

Brief

This brief reviews the evidence on how the Affordable Care Act has affected individual and family health care coverage, access, affordability, hospital finances and national health expenditures.

Report

This report examines how Medicaid agencies in 40 states select managed care organizations to contract with, how contract terms are set, and how performance is evaluated.

Brief

This brief considers how a Supreme Court ruling overturning the Affordable Care Act would affect average people and illustrative, hypothetical families in different circumstances.

Report

This report measures changes in insurance coverage between April 23–May 12 and July 9–21, 2020 to better understand how the recession caused by COVID-19 affected insurance coverage.

Brief

This brief compares four studies that project the effects of the COVID-19 recession on employment-based health insurance coverage and the number of uninsured people in 2020.

Webinar & Presentations

Two webinars on open enrollment period 2021 explore COVID-19 implications and effective strategies to consider as states design their outreach and education campaigns in a shifting health care environment.

Report

This report compares 2017 to 2018 changes in insurance coverage across three national surveys: The American Community Survey, Current Population Survey, and National Health Interview Survey. 

Report

This report uses a microsimulation model to incorporates data on employment losses by industry, state, and demographic characteristics, allowing researchers to simulate employment losses and associated health insurance coverage.

Commentary

This commentary outlines recent data that examines how difficult it will be to predict the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the uninsured rate.

Report

This report provides the first nationally representative estimates of changes in coverage during the initial months of the recession induced by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Report

This report examines insurer responses to the COVID-19 pandemic to assess the effect the pandemic has had on their companies as well as actions they have taken to aid in the pandemic response.

Commentary

This commentary discusses how job losses and reductions in hours have resulted in millions losing employer coverage or the income needed to pay premiums, increasing the uninsured rate.

Commentary

This commentary compiles thoughts from navigators across five states using the federally-facilitated marketplace about how they are faring during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Commentary

This commentary outlines how continuity between Medicaid and the marketplace is more important than ever.

Report

This report uses new enrollment data to examine insurer type enrollment trends from 2016-2018.

Commentary

This commentary explains how, due to the loss of employer-sponsored insurance from the economic fallout of COVID-19, states may continue to see an increase in Medicaid enrollment.

Commentary , Report

06.2020 / By The RAND Corporation

This commentary gauges the potential effects on coverage and cost if public options become available in the country's health insurance exchanges, based on observations from a RAND COMPARE microsimulation model.

Commentary

This commentary examines strategies that successfully drove enrollment in state-based marketplaces during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Webinar & Presentations

This webinar discussed the models that have been published of where individuals are expected to gain Medicaid and Marketplace coverage over the next 18 months.

Report

This toolkit provides an overview for states of various coverage pathways for individuals, including those who are uninsured, in need of COVID-19 testing and treatment.

Report

This report estimates how health insurance coverage could change as millions of workers lose their jobs because of the slowdown in economic activity resulting from public health efforts to reduce the spread of the coronavirus. 

Report

This report estimates the extent to which workers in industries most vulnerable to pandemic-related unemployment and their family members would be eligible for Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program, or marketplace subsidies if workers lose their jobs.

Commentary

This commentary discusses the huge rise in the number of people without health insurance in the wake of mass layoffs resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and are seeking strategies to protect them from high prescription drug prices.

Report

This report assesses market trends in seven states—Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Texas, and Utah—through a review of insurer participation, premiums, and enrollment data and through structured interviews with health insurance brokers.

Brief

This brief estimates that in the four weeks leading up to April 11, 2020, as many as 18.4 million individuals in the United States may be at risk of losing their employer-sponsored health insurance (ESI) coverage, including policyholders and their dependents.

Report

This report examines the kinds of health insurance unemployed workers have and how coverage patterns have shifted under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Commentary

This commentary explains insurers' moves to extend coverage grace periods during the COVID-19 crisis.

Report

In this report, researchers reviewed laws and interviewed state officials and insurers in six states—California, Georgia, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Texas—to determine current policies and best practices to protect patients from disruptions in services and financial burdens as a result of disputes between providers and payers.

Report

This report identifies the states and people who would face the largest coverage losses if the Affordable Care Act were repealed, including estimates by city.

Report

This guide is a practical, hands-on resource to help assisters and consumers navigate this enrollment season.

Report

This brief provides an annual update to comparisons of uninsurance estimates from four federal surveys.

Report

09.2019 / By Urban Institute

This brief explores state variation in health insurance coverage changes during implementation of the primary health insurance coverage reforms of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) using data from the 2013 and 2017 American Community Survey. 

Report

08.2019 / By Urban Institute

This report assesses public support for Medicare for All proposals, as well as some incremental reforms for expanding health insurance coverage, using data from the March 2019 round of the Health Reform Monitoring Survey.

Brief

06.2019 / By Urban Institute

This analysis examines how people with different characteristics would be affected if the Texas v. United States decision invalidates the Affordable Care Act.

Report

This resource examines changes in health insurance coverage from 2016 to 2017 for children nationwide and in each state.

Report

04.2019 / By Urban Institute

This analysis examines some of the consequences should a case pending before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit be decided in favor of the plaintiffs, who argue that the entire Affordable Care Act (ACA) be eliminated.

Brief

04.2019 / By Urban Institute

This brief found that ACA markets have become more competitive between 2018 and 2019, but have not regained the level of competition they had in 2017.

Report

12.2018 / By Urban Institute

This analysis examine four policy scenarios meant to improve the ACA, which, taken together, could reduce the number of uninsured by 12.2 million people and to 7.3 percent uninsured.

Brief

New health insurance coverage estimates for Q1-Q2 2018 from the National Health Interview Survey find nationwide, 12.5% of nonelderly adults were uninsured in the first half of 2018.

Graphic

Data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) show that many of the remaining uninsured are clustered in metropolitan areas; this map illustrates those geographic concentrations of the uninsured.

Report

11.2018 / By Urban Institute

Using data from the American Community Survey and the Current Population Survey, this report assesses whether coverage gains from 2010 to 2016 were associated with changes in labor market outcomes across occupations.

Report

This resource highlights articles published since January 2018 that report on the impact of Medicaid expansion in 33 states and DC, organized by health access and outcomes, economic impacts, and coverage impacts.

Report

10.2018 / By Urban Institute

This report explores changes in coverage type between 2013 and 2016 overall and for key demographic and income subgroups. Between 2013 and 2016, the share of Americans ages 64 and younger without health insurance fell from 17 percent to 10 percent.

Brief

10.2018 / By Urban Institute

This brief examines changes in health insurance coverage and health care access and affordability for parents and their children between 2013 and 2018 using data from the Health Reform Monitoring Survey.

Brief

These tables of state and county uninsurance estimates for 2017 and comparison year 2016 come from the 2017 American Community Survey via the U.S. Census Bureau's American FactFinder tool.

Graphic

New health insurance coverage estimates from the American Community Survey show that there was a statistically significant 0.2 percentage point increase in the national uninsured rate between 2016 and 2017, for the first year since 2010. This graphic analyzes the data.

Report

09.2018 / By Urban Institute

This report provides detailed estimates of changes in health insurance coverage types between 2013 and 2016 by demographic, socioeconomic, and geographic characteristics. In addition, state fact sheets detail coverage changes by income group in all 50 states and DC.

Report

08.2018 / By Urban Institute

This report examines brokers’ evolving role in the individual market, consumer purchasing decisions, and brokers’ observations about how the market and consumers are responding to recent federal policy adjustments to the ACA.

Report

07.2018 / By Urban Institute

The ACA has made considerable gains in health insurance coverage, but many remain uninsured. This is an update to a 2015 analysis of the characteristics of the remaining uninsured, focusing on people uninsured in 2017 as well as how the characteristics of this population have changed.

Report

06.2018 / By Urban Institute

To understand the marketplace enrollment gains and losses observed in 2018 relative to 2017, the Urban Institute interviewed key stakeholders in Rhode Island, Washington, and New York, which saw marketplace enrollment increases, and in West Virginia and Louisiana, which saw enrollment drops. This report explains the different features of the five states, presents cross-state findings, and discusses important factors in next year’s open enrollment period.

Journal Article

This article uses data from the American Community Survey to examine changes in uninsurance and uninsurance disparities by race/ethnicity in Kentucky since the state’s implementation of the Affordable Care Act. It was published in the American Journal of Public Health.

Journal Article

05.2018 / By Urban Institute

We assessed rates of employer health insurance offer, take-up, and coverage in June 2013 and March 2017 among workers. Overall, offer rates remained stable, and take-up and coverage rates increased. In Medicaid expansion states, the share of workers with family incomes at or below 138 percent of the federal poverty level who had employer-based coverage held steady, while uninsurance rates declined.

Journal Article

The six household surveys documented in this article cover a broad array of health topics, including health insurance coverage (American Community Survey, Current Population Survey), health conditions and behaviors (National Health Interview Survey, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), health care utilization and spending (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey), and longitudinal data on public program participation (SIPP).

Report

04.2018 / By Urban Institute

The Profile of Virginia’s Uninsured provides a detailed picture of the Commonwealth’s uninsured using the 2016 American Community Survey. In 2016, 10.3 percent of Virginians under age 65 were uninsured. Most of these uninsured nonelderly Virginians had family incomes at or below 200 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), and more than three-quarters were part of working families.

Journal Article

This article analyzes the impact of the Affordable Care Act on health insurance coverage for verterans in states that chose to expand Medicaid and in non-expansion states using data from the 2013 and 2014 American Community Survey. The analysis found a substantial 24 percent relative decline in the rate of uninsurance for U.S. veterans between 2013 and 2014. Coverage gains in rural areas were due to gains in Medicaid and individual market coverage. The increase in the insured rate was three times larger in Medicaid expansion states versus non-expansion states.

Webinar & Presentations

Watch: Results of the 2017 Minnesota Health Access Survey.

Report

03.2018 / By Urban Institute

On February 20, 2018, the Departments of Treasury, Labor, and Health and Human Services released a proposed regulation that would increase the maximum length of short-term, limited-duration insurance policies to one year. The brief analyzes the national and state-specific effects of ending the individual mandate and loosening limits on short-term, limited-duration policies.

Report

This report summarizes findings from the 2017 Minnesota Health Access Survey, focusing on trends in how Minnesotans obtained health insurance coverage, and provides an understanding of how the 2017 climate may have contributed to a contraction of coverage.

Report

Prior to the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010, Minnesota's health insurance market was relatively high-functioning across indicators of health insurance access and quality of care, although the state faced common challenges in the area of health care costs. This report considers Minnesota's health insurance market before and after the passage of the ACA and the outlook for the state's market given the current policy environment.

Brief

Understanding premium increases for individual market plans is more complicated this year. In many states, carriers attempted to recapture that lost revenue by increasing the premium of the silver plan relative to other metals. ‘Silver-loading’ gives subsidized non-cost-sharing reduction (CSR) consumers the opportunity to purchase a relatively more affordable bronze or gold plan.

Brief

The prospects for these new players reflect tensions for the market as a whole. Clearly the massive number of net exits signals a retrenchment by many market participants in 2018, resulting in shrinking of territorial footprints and outright withdrawal by large parts of the industry. For a variety of reasons, including attempts to repeal the ACA, the potential of the individual market has not yet been fully realized. Yet, it still remains the source of coverage for millions of people.

Report

This report provides an annual update to comparisons of uninsurance estimates from four federal surveys:
-The American Community Survey (ACS)
-The Current Population Survey (CPS)
-The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey - Household Component (MEPS-HC)
-The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

Report

This SHADAC chartbook uses data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Insurance Component (MEPS-IC) to highlight the experiences of private-sector workers with employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) from 2012 through 2016 at the national level and in the states. The ESI chartbook is accompanied by state-level fact sheets summarizing key ESI characteristics from 2012 to 2016.

Brief

The data thus far suggest that most counties will have at least two insurers offering plans on the exchange, and most people will be able to choose from at least three.

Brief

06.2017 / By Urban Institute

Mental health and substance use coverage could roll back to pre-Affordable Care Act (ACA) levels if the American Health Care Act (AHCA) becomes law. Analysis finds the AHCA could limit access to mental health treatment.

Report

04.2017 / By Urban Institute

Before the ACA’s implementation, nearly one million veterans—almost one in 10—were uninsured. By 2015, the number of uninsured veterans fell to 552,000. Veterans uninsurance reduced by nearly 40 percent between 2013 and 2015 under the Affordable Care Act.

Report

Health coverage transitions—sometimes referred to as churn—have always existed to some degree, but with the Affordable Care Act there are additional possibilities for churning to occur across multiple coverage sources. This report examines current efforts in some states to measure these coverage transitions and provides broader context on the issue of churn.

Journal Article

This article examines changes to health insurance coverage and access to health care among children, adolescents, and young adults since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act using data from the National Health Interview Survey. The authors found significant improvements in coverage among children, adolescents, and young adults since 2010, along with some gains in access.

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