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Report

Average Decline in Material Hardship During the Pandemic Conceals Unequal Circumstances

This report assesses how material hardship changed during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, between December 2019 and December 2020.

The analysis of the data, from the Urban Institute’s Well-Being and Basic Needs Survey, provides the first probability-based national survey estimates of changes in hardship from a prepandemic baseline.

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